Police Reform Act 2002 (uk)

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Police Reform Act 2002 (uk)

Police Reform Act 2002 (uk)

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Grants the home secretary the power to force a police force to produce an action plan if the force is judged to be inefficient or ineffective. Critics of the bill said the home secretary's proposed new powers compromised police autonomy and created the risk that the police could be manipulated for political purposes. This includes power of arrest, stop and search, powers under the Terrorism Act 2000, those available under the Official Secrets Act, and powers which by virtue require the officer to hold a police officer rank above that of constable. The issue of handcuffs may have merit when a PCSO has been designated with the power of detention, but issue of this equipment should only occur after a detailed threat and risk assessment process and supported by appropriate and approved training and assessment.

PCSOs retain the powers of arrest of a citizen under both common law and Section 24A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. They also have the power to use reasonable force in defence of themselves or another. Creates the community support officer, a civilian uniformed non-warranted officer working in England and Wales. Powers to enforce local authority bylaws remain unchanged but require these to be specifically designated. Perhaps the most prominent substantive provision of the Act which is regularly used by forces today is section 59, which allows police to seize vehicles which are being used in an anti-social manner. This has proved a valuable tool in combatting crime and remains in place today.Requires police authorities to produce a three-year strategy that is consistent with central government's strategic priorities.

Allows the power to accredit members of the " extended police family" such as special constables and neighbourhood wardens. The role of a PCSO, the geographic area covered, and availability of police officer assistance should all be considered when deciding what PPE should be issued. Section 3 of the Criminal Law Act 1967, Section 117 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1884 and common law (breach of the peace and self-defence) provide legislation around reasonable force. Good practice indicates that powers should be set force-wide and, where collaborative opportunities with surrounding forces are extant or being considered, there should be commonality.Vehicles should be issued with a warning first, unless this is impracticable. [5] An example of it being impractical would be the offenders leaving the vehicle/making off or the vehicle being unregistered and unable to be traced - therefore a warning unable to be placed. If an officer also reasonably believes a warning has been given within the past 12 months - whether or not recorded on the Police National Computer or similar system, they can seize the vehicle immediately.

being a PCSO and making a false suggestion that one possesses powers that exceed those designated by the chief officer However, this may cause confusion among the public and absolute clarity is needed so that those supervising and leading PCSOs understand any anomalies across geographical boundaries.Enables police to confiscate vehicles: officers can seize cars and motorcycles if they believe they are being driven in a manner that is likely to cause "alarm, distress or annoyance to members of the public". Introduces an annual policing plan, which sets out the Home Office's "strategic priorities for policing" the coming year. There is also variation between forces. Chief officers should satisfy themselves that there is an operational requirement to designate specific powers. Any increase will have additional training/cost requirements, potential personal safety implications, create possible public confusion and blur the roles between PCSOs and warranted officers. contravening section 34 (prohibition of off-road driving/driving other than a road) of the Road Traffic Act 1988.

The Bill was intended to allow the police to use its resources more effectively in the face of increased demand. However, many of the reforms were controversial, in particular the increased powers of the Home Secretary. Critics, foremost amongst them the opposition Conservative party, suggested that the powers afforded to the Home Secretary under the Act compromised the autonomy of the police force, giving rise to a risk that they could be manipulated for political ends. There were also objections from the police forces themselves, who felt that they were better placed than central government to manage their own strategies and priorities in view of their extensive local knowledge and relationships within the community.The Policing and Crime Act 2017 and the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 created additional powers. Chief officers should decide which they will grant to PCSOs in their force areas based on community need. For example, granting the power to deal with an offence under Section 5(1) or 8(1) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 involving a contravention of a prohibition or restriction that relates to stopping, waiting or parking at or near a school entrance may be wholly appropriate given local public feeling and what is a regular community problem in many forces. Community safety accreditation schemes To prevent confusion, it is helpful for PCSOs to have consistent powers throughout a force area but there is nothing to prevent PCSOs in different parts of a force area from being designated with different powers, depending on local need. Grants the home secretary the power to directly intervene in a failing force and dismiss police chief constables after a poor report from HM Inspector of Constabulary.

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